Style History- Westwork

28 May

A westwork (also westwerk) is the monumental, west-facing entrance section of a Carolingian, Ottonian, or Romanesque church. The exterior consists of multiple stories between two towers. The interior includes an entrance vestibule, a chapel, and a series of galleries overlooking the nave. This was used to show imperial rule and the interiors are thought to be influenced by many cultures, including China.

The technique of the westwork first originated in the ancient churches of Syria although some early examples were in Spanish buildings as well.

westwork

westwork

The westwork of the Corvey Abbey (873-885), Germany, is the oldest conserved exemplar. The frescoe (original of the 9th. century) inside the westwerk shows scenes of the Odyssey. In the westwerk lived the King, later the Emperor and his companions during their rule travels around the country.

 
Westwork of the Corvey Abbey Westwork of Essen Cathedral  
 Jumièges Abbey, a typical Norman abbey of the Romanesque period. Normandy, France.  
Imperial Cathedral, Speyer, c. 1030-1060 West front, with westwork, photo 1996, Meredith Clausen, U. Washington.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: