Style History- Tudor architecture

31 May


Kings College Chapel outside view

The Tudor Style in English architecture is the final development of medieval architecture during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond, for conservative college patrons. It followed the Perpendicular style and, although superseded by the English Renaissance in domestic building of any pretensions to fashion, the Tudor style still retained its hold on English taste, portions of the additions to the various colleges of Oxford and Cambridge being still carried out in the Tudor style which overlaps with the first stirrings of the Gothic Revival.

The four-centred arch was a defining feature; some of the most remarkable oriel windows belong to this period; the mouldings are more spread out and the foliage becomes more naturalistic. Nevertheless, “Tudor style” is an awkward style-designation, with its implied suggestions of continuity through the period of the Tudor dynasty and the misleading impression that there was a style break at the accession of Stuart James I in 1603.

In church architecture the principal examples are:

Henry VIIs Chapel at Westminster (1503) 
Kings College Chapel, Cambridge 
St Georges Chapel, Windsor Castle 
the old schools at Oxford. 
In domestic building:

Eltham Palace, Kent 
Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk 
Kings College, Aberdeen 
Layer Marney Tower, Essex 
East Barsham Manor, Norfolk 
Fords Hospital, Coventry. 
Compton Wynyates 
Hampton Court Palace 
Montacute House (late Tudor) 
In the 19th century a free mix of these late Gothic elements and Elizabethan were combined for hotels and railway stations, in revival styles known as Jacobethan and Tudorbethan.

Tudor style buildings have six distinctive features –

Decorative half-timbering 
Steeply pitched roof 
Prominent cross gables 
Tall, narrow windows 
Small window panes 
Large chimneys, often topped with decorative chimney pots

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