Petrine Baroque architecture

18 Jun
“represented a drastic rupture with Byzantine traditions that had dominated Russian architecture for almost a millennium”
Kikin Hall (1714), an example of private residence dating from Peter I’s reign. St Petersburg. Kunstkamera (Zemtsov) St Petersburg The Twelve Colleges (Trezzini) St Petersburg
Peter and Paul Cathedral St Petersburg (arch.- Trezzini) Menshikov Tower (Moscow) Menshikov Tower (Moscow)
Menshikov Palace (Giovanni Fontana) St Petersburg Kadriorg Palace in Tallinn Kadriorg Palace in Tallinn
     
Petrine Baroque is a name applied by art historians to a style of Baroque architecture and decoration favoured by Peter the Great and employed to design buildings in the newly-founded Russian capital, Saint Petersburg, under this monarch and his immediate successors.

Unlike contemporaneous Naryshkin Baroque, favoured in Moscow, the Petrine Baroque represented a drastic rupture with Byzantine traditions that had dominated Russian architecture for almost a millennium. Its chief practitioners – Domenico Trezzini, Andreas Schlüter, and Mikhail Zemtsov – drew inspiration from a rather modest Dutch, Danish, and Swedish architecture of the time.

Extant examples of the style in St Petersburg are the Peter and Paul Cathedral (Trezzini), the Twelve Colleges (Trezzini), the Kunstkamera (Zemtsov), Kikin Hall (Schlüter), Menshikov Tower, and Menshikov Palace (Giovanni Fontana).

The Petrine Baroque structures outside St Petersburg are scarce; they include the Menshikov Tower in Moscow and the Kadriorg Palace in Tallinn.

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