Dutch Colonial Architecture

19 Jun

[nggallery id=1]Architecture
Dutch architecture was built for government and religious buildings through the Dutch Empire.

This covered-
New Amsterdam (present New York)
Dutch West Indies (Suriname)
Mauritius
Dutch East Indies (Indonesia, Malacca, Malaysia)
South Africa

In the Surinamese Capital of Paramaribo, the Dutch Fort Zeelandia still stands today. In the centre of Malacca, Malaysia, the Stadthuys Building and Christ Church still stand. There are still archaeological remains of Fort Goede Hoop (modern Hartford, Connecticut) and Fort Orange (modern Albany, New York).

Dutch architecture is easy to see in Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire. The Dutch style buildings are especially visible in Willemstad, with its steeply pitched gables, large windows and soaring finials.

Some towns of New York and areas of New York City, once part of the colony of New Netherland have names of Dutch origin, such as Brooklyn (after Breukelen), Flushing (after Vlissingen), Harlem (after Haarlem) and Staten Island (meaning “Island of the States”). The last Director-General of the colony of New Netherland, Pieter Stuyvesant, has bequeathed his name to a street, a neighborhood and a few schools in New York City, and the town of Stuyvesant.

The Stadthuys in Malacca, Malaysia, believed to be the oldest Dutch building in Asia.Many towns and cities in Suriname share names with cities in the Netherlands, such as Alkmaar, and Groningen.

Although never a colony of the Netherlands New Zealand got its name from the Dutch explorer who discovered it, Abel Tasman. It is named after the Dutch province of Zeeland.

 

Example of Dutch Colonial Revival, built in 1923, Plainfield, NJ (Netherwood Heights)
 
Dutch Colonial is a style of American domestic architecture, primarily characterized by gambrel roofs having curved eaves along the length of the house. Modern versions built in the early 20th century are more accurately referred to as “Dutch Colonial Revival,” a subtype of the Colonial Revival style.HistoryThere seems to be some conflict on the origins of this American style of home.
Most sources state that the Dutch settlers of New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and western Connecticut built these homes to reflect their Dutch culture.
However, at least one other source states that this style of home originated with German, or “Deutsch” settlers in Pennsylvania.It may be worthwhile to compare the Dutch colonization of the Americas with the history of the Pennsylvania Dutch.Whatever the case, central to the style is a broad gambrel roof with flaring eaves that extend over the long sides, resembling a barn in construction. Earlier homes were a single room, with additions added to either end (or short side) and very often a porch along both long sides. Typically, end walls were made of stone and a chimney was located on one or both ends. Common were double-hung sash windows with outward swinging wood shutters and a central double Dutch door.Revival in the 20th CenturyBeginning in the late 19th century, America began to look back romantically upon its colonial roots and the country started reflecting this nostalgia in its architecture. Within this Colonial Revival, one of the more popular designs was a redux of the original Dutch Colonial.

Within the context of architectural history, the more modern style is specifically defined as “Dutch Colonial Revival” to distinguish it from the original Dutch Colonial. However, this style was popularly known simply as Dutch Colonial, and this continues to be the case today.

Up through the 1930s, Dutch Colonials were most popular in the Northeast. While the original design was always reflected, some details were updated such as the primary entryway moving from the end to the long side of the house. The more modern versions also varied a great deal with regard to materials used, architectural details, and size. For example one Dutch Colonial might be a small two-story structure of 1,400 square feet with dormers bearing shed-like overhangs, while another larger example would have three stories and a grand entrance adorned with a transom and sidelights.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: