Spanish Colonial style 1600-1840

20 Jun
Governor’s house, Santa Fe, New Mexico Custom House, Monterey, California Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, nr San Diego, California. This Mission is architecturally distinctive due to the combination of Spanish, Moorish, and Mexican lines exhibited.
 
Spanish Colonial Style in San Juan, Puerto Rico Spanish Colonial Style in Old Havana, Cuba  
     
Developed with the earlier Spanish settlements in the Caribbean and Mexico, the Spanish Colonial style in the United States can be traced back to St. Augustine, Florida, the oldest established city in the country, founded in 1565. The style would also develop in the Southwest and in California with the founding of the missions by the Spanish between 1769 and 1823.The early type of dwelling in Spanish Florida was the “board house”, a small one-room cottage constructed of pit-sawn softwood boards, typically with a thatched roof.

During the 1700s, the “common houses” were covered whitewashed lime mortar with an oyster shell aggregate. Typically two stories, the houses included cooling porches to accommodate the Florida climate.

 
The Spanish Colonial Style dominated in the early Spanish colonies of North and South America, as well as in the Philippines. It is marked by the contrast between the simple, solid construction demanded by the new environment and the Baroque ornamention exported from Spain. The colonial zone of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, founded in 1498, is the oldest city in the New World and a prime example of this architectural style. The port of Cartagena, Colombia, founded in 1533 and Santa Ana de Coro, Venezuela, founded in 1527, are two more UNESCO World Heritage Sites preserving some of the best Spanish colonial architecture in the Caribbean.” Also, Old San Juan with its walled city and buildings (ranging from 1521 to the early 1900s) are very good examples, and in excellent condition.
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