Florida cracker architecture

23 Jun
Florida cracker architecture is a style of woodframe home used somewhat widely in the 19th century in Florida, United States, and still popular with some developers as a source of design themes. Florida cracker homes are characterized by metal roofs, raised floors, large porch areas (often wrapping around the entire home), and straight central hallways from the front to the back of the home (sometimes called “dog run” or “shotgun” hallways).

The Florida Cracker is a type historically experienced in three arrangements: the farmhouse (one room deep by two rooms wide), the townhouse (one room deep by one room wide) and the unpretentious plantation house (two rooms deep by two rooms wide). In Florida, this type, dating from around the turn of the 19th century, is found in the rural countryside and in the farmlands. The architectural characteristics that distinguish this type are wood-frame construction, an elevated first floor, a large attached front porch, a revealed fireplace, horizontal wood siding in both the exterior and interior, double-hung vertical windows and a steep roof. A unique condition of this type is that as the family grows, the simplicity of the plan easily allows for rooms to be attached in the rear of the house or as independent buildings, forming a compound.

Elements: Porch, veranda, overhang, crawlspace
Material: Wood
Attitude: Cross-ventilated, locally crafted, civic-minded
Typology: Single-pen, Dogtrot, I-house, foursquare Georgian
Examples: Naples and northern Florida


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