American Queen Anne style

1 Jul
Famous American Queen Anne, the Carson Mansion in Eureka, California. Queen Anne Style Architecture located along M-25 in Bay City, Michigan. Queen Anne Style Architecture located along M-88 in Bellaire, Michigan.
232 Hancock St Bed Stuy Brooklyn NY Galveston, Texas. Galveston, Texas.
     
American Queen Anne style

Queen Anne Style buildings in America came into vogue in the 1880s, replacing the French-derived Second Empire as the “style of the moment.” The popularity of high Queen Anne Style waned in the early 1900s, but some elements, such as the wraparound front porch, continued to be found on buildings into the 1920s.

In America, “Queen Anne” is loosely used of a wide range of picturesque buildings with “free Renaissance”— non-Gothic Revival— details rather than of a specific formulaic style in its own right. Unlike its British counterpart’s use of “crisp white trim” (see the example from Lebanon, Illinois), Queen Anne in America eschewed white for bold color resulting in Polychrome paint schemes on exteriors, often referred to as “painted ladies”, a term that rose in popularity in the 1970s.

The “Queen Anne” style arrived in New York with the new housing for the New York House and School of Industry[4] (Sidney V. Stratton, architect, 1878) at 120 West 16th Street. Gabled and domestically scaled, it is of warm, soft brick enclosing some square terracotta panels, with an arched side passage leading to an inner court and back house; its detailing is largely confined to the treatment of its picturesquely-disposed windows, with small-paned upper sashes and plate glass lower ones. There are triple windows of Serlian motif and a two-storey oriel that projects asymmetrically.

E. Francis Baldwin’s stations for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, built variously of brick and wood, are also familiar examples of the style.

The most famous American Queen Anne residence (see photo left) is the William M. Carson Mansion of Eureka, California. Newsom and Newsom, notable builder-architects of 19th Century California homes and public buildings, designed and constructed (1884-1886) this 18-room home for one of California’s first lumber barons. All styles described below as well as others are present in this example of American Queen Anne Style.

Distinctive essential features of American Queen Anne style included an asymmetrical facade; dominant front-facing gable, often cantilevered out beyond the plane of the wall below; overhanging eaves; round, square, or polygonal tower(s); shaped and Dutch gables; a porch covering part or all of the front facade, including the primary entrance area; a second-story porch or balconies; pedimented porches; differing wall textures, such as patterned wood shingles shaped into varying designs, including resembling fish scales, or terra cotta tiles or relief panels, wooden shingles over brickwork, etc; dentils; classical columns; spindle work; oriel and bay windows; horizontal bands of leaded windows; monumental chimneys; white painted balustrades; and slate roofs. Basements were abolished, and front gardens had wooden fences rather than iron railings of the preceding Second Empire style.

Within the American Queen Anne Style, there are also the broad Stick, Eastlake, and Shingle Styles:

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