Regency / Federal Revival Architecture

18 Nov
UNITED STATES COURTHOUSE ANNEX CAMDEN, NEW JERSEY. A very institutional, post-modern take on Federal Revival. Surviving Railroad Depots of America > Davenport, Iowa Depot, Union Station. Stripped classical. Federal Revival (usually brick)
Georgian Revival Style Federal Greek Revival A new Federal Revival home, West Newbury, MA
 
Federal Revival Style

Federalist architecture has its roots in England. It was favored in America during the late 1700s and early 1800s, although you’ll see Federalist details in many homes today. Characteristics:

— Large and graceful two-story brick with massive chimneys
— Centered front door often sheltered by a portico and topped with a fan-shaped transom light
— Dentil moldings in the cornice and fan-shape or elliptical gable windows
— Palladian windows
— Oval rooms and recessed wall niches

Georgian Revival Style

The Georgian style is often confused with Federal. Georgian homes were popular in the U.S. from about 1715 to 1780 and are more angular than Federal. Characteristics:

— Brick or wood sided, symmetrical and square in shape
— Centered front door, often with flattened columns on each side and a decorative crown above
— Medium-pitched roof with a chimney on each end
— Minimal roof overhang
— Five double-hung windows or dormers across the front with 9 or 12 panes in each sash

Greek Revival Style

By the mid-1800s, Americans identified more with Grecian architecture than British. Greek Revival mansions became common, especially in the South. Characteristics:

— Square, with tall double-hung windows on each side
— Shallow-pitched roof
— Front-facing columned portico, usually supporting a triangular pediment
— White clapboard exterior
— Decorative pilasters
— Dentil moldings and a heavy cornice

 
Regency Revival

A mode of Revival architecture, found to a limited extent in America in the 1930s, that borrowed features of its Georgian and Regency style prototypes; usually two stories high with a hipped roof; had brick walls with quoins at the corners and sometimes at the main entrance, often painted white; double-hung windows with shutters; an entrance porch; and, typically, a small octagonal window above the door.

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