Mid-century modern

28 Nov
The Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco, designed by William L. Pereira. The Concourse building, in Singapore, designed by Paul Rudolph Diamond Chair, by Harry Bertoia
Stahl House, designed by Pierre Koenig Helsinki, Finland – University of Technology – Auditorium-Alvar Aalto. Main Terminal at Dulles Airport in Washington DC, by Eero Saarinen.
Denys Lasdun’s National Theatre, in London. Facades from Bangkok, Thailand.  
 
Bonneville Salt Flats Rest Stop Shelter- very impressive uncredited shelters at the rest area next to the (also striking) salt flats west of the Great Salt Lake.    
Austin, Texas    
     
Mid-Century modern

Mid-Century modern is an architectural, interior and product design form that generally describes pre- and post- second world war developments in modern design, architecture, and urban development from roughly 1933 to 1965. Mid-century architecture was a further development of Frank Lloyd Wright’s principles of organic architecture combined with many elements reflected in the International and Bauhaus movements. Mid-century modernism, however, was much more organic in form and less formal than the International Style. Scandinavian designers and architects were very influential at this time, with a style characterized by simplicity, democratic design and natural shapes. Like many of Wright’s designs, Mid-Century architecture was frequently employed in residential structures with the goal of bringing modernism into America’s post-war suburbs. This style emphasized creating structures with ample windows and open floor-plans with the intention of opening up interior spaces and bringing the outdoors in. Many Mid-century homes utilized then groundbreaking post and beam architectural design that eliminated bulky support walls in favor of walls seemingly made of glass. Function was as important as form in Mid-Century designs with an emphasis placed specifically on targeting the needs of the average American family. Examples of residential Mid-Century modern architecture are frequently referred to as the California Modern style.

Pioneering builder and real estate developer Joseph Eichler was instrumental in bringing Mid-Century Modern architecture to subdivisions in California and select housing developments on the east coast.

Well-known designers of the mid-century modern era

Alvar Aalto,
Al Beadle,
Harry Bertoia,
Chris Choate,
Thomas Scott Dean,
Charles and Ray Eames,
Craig Ellwood,
Mendel Glickman,
Max Gottschalk,
Ralph Haver,
Edith Heath,
Arne Jacobsen,
A. Quincy Jones,
Finn Juhl,
Louis Kahn,
Poul Kjaerholm,
Pierre Koenig,
Denys Lasdun,
John Lautner,
Cliff May,
Paul McCobb,
John Randal McDonald,
George Nelson,
Richard Neutra,
Isamu Noguchi,
William Pereira,
Warren Platner,
Harvey Probber,
Jens Risom,
Paul Rudolph,
Eero Saarinen,
Rudolf Schindler,
Avriel Shull,
Richard Schultz,
Alison and Peter Smithson,
Raphael Soriano,
Ole Wanscher,
Hans Wegner,
Donald Wexler,
Russel Wright, and
Eva Zeisel.

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